Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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   2015| July-September  | Volume 8 | Issue 3  
    Online since October 14, 2015

 
 
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JCAS SYMPOSIUM
Facial rejuvenation with fillers: The dual plane technique
Giovanni Salti, Raffaele Rauso
July-September 2015, 8(3):127-133
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167264  PMID:26644734
Background: Facial aging is characterized by skin changes, sagging and volume loss. Volume is frequently addressed with reabsorbable fillers like hyaluronic acid gels. Materials and Methods: From an anatomical point of view, the deep and superficial fat compartments evolve differently with aging in a rather predictable manner. Volume can therefore be restored following a technique based on restoring first the deep volumes and there after the superficial volumes. We called this strategy "dual plane". A series of 147 consecutive patients have been treated with fillers using the dual plane technique in the last five years. Results: An average of 4.25 session per patient has been carried out for a total of 625 treatment sessions. The average total amount of products used has been 12 ml per patient with an average amount per session of 3.75 ml. We had few and limited adverse events with this technique. Conclusion: The dual plane technique is an injection technique based on anatomical logics. Different types of products can be used according to the plane of injection and their rheology in order to obtain a natural result and few side effects.
  8,935 792 -
Shaping lips with fillers
Amit Luthra
July-September 2015, 8(3):139-142
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167269  PMID:26644736
The lips and the eyes enhance facial beauty, and they have been highlighted since time immemorial. Rejuvenating the lips with fillers, frequently hyaluronic acid (HA), is a common procedure but requires expertise. The objective of this text is to describe the procedure in detail and cover the practical aspects of injecting lips with fillers. An analysis of treating lips with needles and cannulae has been made with special emphasis on achieving optimum results.
  5,821 541 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Efficacy and safety of fractional CO 2 laser resurfacing in non-hypertrophic traumatic and burn scars
Imran Majid, Saher Imran
July-September 2015, 8(3):159-164
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167276  PMID:26644740
Background: Fractional photothermolysis is one of the most effective treatment options used to resurface scars of different aetiologies. Aim: To assess the efficacy and safety of fractional CO 2 laser resurfacing treatment in the management of non-hypertrophic traumatic and burn scars. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five patients affected by non-hypertrophic traumatic and burn scars were treated with four sessions of fractional CO 2 laser resurfacing treatment at 6-weekly intervals. Patients were photographed at each visit and finally, 3 months after the end of treatment schedule. Response to treatment was assessed clinically as well as by comparing the initial photograph of the patient with the one taken at the last follow-up visit 3-months after the final treatment session. Changes in skin texture, surface irregularity and pigmentation were assessed on a quartile grading scale and scored individually from 0 to 4. A mean of the three individual scores was calculated and the response was labelled as 'excellent' if the mean score achieved was >2. A score of 1-2 was labeled as good response while a score below 1 was labeled as 'poor' response. The subjective satisfaction of each patient with the treatment offered was also assessed at the last follow-up visit. Results: The commonest site of scarring treated was the face followed by hands. Response to treatment was rated as excellent in 60% (15/25) patients while 24% (6/25) and 16% (4/25) patients were labeled as good and poor responders, respectively. Skin texture showed better response than other variables with average score of 2.44. Linear post-traumatic scars were seen to respond less than other morphological types. Majority of the patients (19 out of 25) were highly satisfied with the treatment offered. No long-term adverse effects were noted in any patient. Conclusions: Fractional photothermolysis with a fractional CO 2 laser gives excellent results in patients with post-burn scars with minimal adverse effects. Limitations: Lack of a control group and small sample size are limitations of this study.
  5,148 293 -
JCAS SYMPOSIUM
The liquid lift: Looking natural without lumps
Iņigo de Felipe, Pedro Redondo
July-September 2015, 8(3):134-138
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167267  PMID:26644735
Context: Hyaluronic acid (HA) is the most common filler used to rejuvenate. Today, a three-dimensional approach prevails over previous techniques in which this material was used in specific areas of the face such as the nasolabial fold, the marionette line, and the eye trough giving a strange appearance that does not look natural. Even with a volumizing purpose, the injection of HA can sometimes produce clinically detectable nodules or lumps where the filler is deposited. Aims: To develop a new technique of injecting HA that can provide more natural results and avoid the lumpiness and nodular appearance that sometimes occurs with the injection of HA. To detect whether mixing HA with diluted anesthetic agent modifies its behavior. Settings and Design: Prospective, case control, single-center study on a private clinic setting. Materials and Methods: Eighty six patients were enrolled in this study. All of them had a previous treatment with nondiluted HA using a needle at least a year before. Patients were injected with 8 mL of reticulated HA (RHA) mixed with 6 mL of saline and 2 mL of anesthetic agent. The mixture was administered through a cannula inserted in the face, one at mid-cheek and another at frontal-temporal point of entry. Owing to the lifting effect of this mixture we called this procedure liquid lift (LL). Patients were evaluated 1 month, 6 months, and a year later and asked to compare the LL with previous experiences in terms of natural look, pain, and appearance of nodules. Statistical Analysis Used: Student's t-test. Results: One month after the treatment, 83 out of 86 patients (96.5%) thought LL produced a more natural look than the previous treatment with the needle. Sixty two (72%) considered LL less painful than the previous treatment and only eight (9.3%) could detect lumps or nodules 1 month after LL was performed compared with 46 (53.5%) that described this problem with previous needle injections. The incidence of bruising was also clearly lower (7% with LL vs 17.4% with traditional needle). Conclusions: Injection of diluted HA with saline and anesthetic agents through a cannula all over the face or LL can provide more natural results and less lumps or nodules, and is less painful than traditional treatments involving needle injection of nondiluted HA.
  3,757 406 -
BRIDGING THE GAP
Recognizing body dysmorphic disorder (dysmorphophobia)
Anukriti Varma, Rajesh Rastogi
July-September 2015, 8(3):165-168
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167279  PMID:26644741
Dysmorphophobia is a psychiatric condition which frequently presents in the clinics of dermatologists and plastic surgeons. This disorder (also called body dysmorphic disorder) is troublesome to the patient whilst being confusing for the doctor. This commonly undiagnosed condition can be detected by a few simple steps. Timely referral to a psychiatrist benefits most patients suffering from it. This article describes with a case vignette, how to recognize body dysmorphic disorder presenting in the dermatological or aesthetic surgery set up. Diagnostic criteria, eitiology, approach to patient, management strategy and when to refer are important learning points. The importance of recognizing this disorder timely and referring the patient to the psychiatrist for appropriate treatment is crucial.This article covers all aspects of body dysmorphic disorder relevant to dermatologists and plastic surgeons and hopes to be useful in a better understanding of this disorder.
  3,807 197 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
The impact of post-acne scars on the quality of life among young adults in Singapore
Sai Yee Chuah, Chee Leok Goh
July-September 2015, 8(3):153-158
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167272  PMID:26644739
Background and Objectives: Post-acne scarring is a common and well-known sequelae of acne vulgaris. We aim to study the impact of post-acne scarring on the quality of life (QOL) among young adults in Singapore. Settings and Design: This was a non-interventional prospective study. Materials and Methods: Patients aged 21-40 years with atrophic and hypertrophic acne scars who attended the National Skin Centre, Singapore were recruited in the study. They answered a simple questionnaire and the clinical severity of their acne scars were assessed by the doctor. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive analyses using absolute and percentage frequencies were performed on all data. The test of significance was two-sided and was set at 5% (P ≤ 0.05). Differential analyses were conducted using the parametric, independent two-sample t-test and non-parametric Mann-Whitney U-test. The statistical assessments were performed using SPSS version 18.0. Results: A total of 100 patients were studied. The mean patients' subjective self-scoring on the severity of their post-acne scars was 5.78/10 and the mean Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) for post-acne scars was 5.61. Many (36%, n = 36) were self-conscious of their acne scars and 24%, (n = 24) felt that their acne scars was affecting their social activities. Conclusions: Our study showed that post-acne scars have a significant negative effect on the QOL of young adults. It highlights the need to increase public awareness of acne vulgaris and its sequelae through education programs and advocating early treatment to reduce the risk of scarring.
  3,379 182 -
A prospective, comparative, evaluator-blind clinical study investigating efficacy and safety of two injection techniques with Radiesse ® for the correction of skin changes in aging hands
Elena I Gubanova, Polina A Starovatova
July-September 2015, 8(3):147-152
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167271  PMID:26644738
Background: Dermal fillers are used to correct age-related changes in hands. Aims: Assess efficacy and safety of two injection techniques to treat age-related changes in the hands using calcium hydroxylapatite filler, Radiesse ® . Settings and Design: This was a prospective, comparative, evaluator-blind, single-center study. Materials and Methods: Radiesse ® (0.8 mL/0.2 mL 2% lidocaine) was injected subdermally on Day (D)01, using a needle multipoint technique in one hand (N) and a fan-like cannula technique in the other (C). Assessments were made pre-injection, on D14, Month (M)02, M03 and M05 using the Merz Aesthetics Hand Grading Scale (MAS) and Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale (GAIS). Participants completed questionnaires on satisfaction, pain and adverse events (AEs). Statistical Analysis Used: Data distribution was tested with the Shapiro-Wilk and Levene's tests. The Wilcoxon signed-rank and Chi-square tests were employed to evaluate quantitative and qualitative data, respectively. Results: All 10 participants completed the study, four opted for a M03 touch-up (0.8 mL Radiesse ® ). Evaluator-assessed mean GAIS scores were between 2 (significant improvement but not complete correction) and 3 (optimal cosmetic result) at each time point. The MAS score improved from D01 to M05 (N: 2.60 to 1.40; C: 2.20 to 1.30). Following treatment, participants reported skin was softer, more elastic, more youthful and less wrinkled. Other than less noticeable veins and tendons on the C hand, no differences in participant satisfaction were noted. All AEs were mild, with no serious AEs reported. Conclusions: Both injection techniques (needle and cannula) demonstrated equivalent clinical efficacy with a comparable safety profile for the correction of age-related changes in hands with Radiesse ® .
  3,227 250 -
INNOVATIONS
Outer circle versus inner circle: Special considerations while rejuvenating an Indian face using fillers
Rashmi Shetty
July-September 2015, 8(3):169-172
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167281  PMID:26644742
Introduction: An oval face, pronounced cheek bones, a defined jaw line and a smooth Ogee curve are global aesthetic beauty goals. Though criteria are similar the Indian face poses some unique challenges because of the innate differences in skeletal shape, size, and soft tissue disposition. Width of the malar prominences and mandibular angles along with height are smaller compared to the other Asian and Caucasian populations along with a much heavier soft tissue disposition. This creates unique deficits and places unique demands on aesthetic intervention. Objectives: The evolution of practice patterns has lead to a variety of newer approaches; however, it is still common to target the nasolabial and mid-face volumizing as basic intervention for facial beautifying and rejuvenation. As aging progresses, Indian faces tend to get fuller and the tissue then descends downwards similar to other ethnic groups albeit more aggressive due to higher volumes of facial fat pad and smaller bone framework. Any excess correction in the inner circle zones will further add to the bulk along with cumulative remnants of previously administered fillers. Methods: In a younger face when the goal is beautification the attempt is to address the specific structural deficit on the outer bony framework along with the chin. This enhances the appearance immediately as well as holds up the tissue descent as they age. When the goal is youthful transition of an aging face, then again the bony changes further enhance the deficit in framework and the loss of fat pads along the periphery that is lateral forehead, temples and lateral cheek. Fat pad correction will give the most natural and best results as against working on the anterior mid cheek, nasolabials and angle of the mouth in a soft tissue heavy center zone of the face. Botulinum toxin and hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers remain the most popular facial injectables used for facial rejuvenation and structural enhancement. Results: Naturally enhanced faces, and gracefully addressed aging changes are important. Fillers administered on the outer zones of the face rather than the inner zone gives better aesthetic results.
  2,903 234 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Comparative efficacy and patient preference of topical anaesthetics in dermatological laser treatments and skin microneedling
Yi Zhen Chiang, Firas Al-Niaimi, Vishal Madan
July-September 2015, 8(3):143-146
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167270  PMID:26644737
Background: Topical anaesthetics are effective for patients undergoing superficial dermatological and laser procedures. Our objective was to compare the efficacy and patient preference of three commonly used topical anaesthetics: (2.5% lidocaine/2.5% prilocaine cream (EMLA ® ), 4% tetracaine gel (Ametop TM ) and 4% liposomal lidocaine gel (LMX4 ® )) in patients undergoing laser procedures and skin microneedling. Settings and Design: This was a prospective, double-blind study of patients undergoing laser and skin microneedling procedures at a laser unit in a tertiary referral dermatology centre. Materials and Methods: All 29 patients had three topical anaesthetics applied under occlusion for 1 hour prior to the procedure, at different treatment sites within the same anatomical zone. A self-assessment numerical pain rating scale was given to each patient to rate the pain during the procedure and each patient was asked to specify their preferred choice of topical anaesthetic at the end of the procedure. Statistical Analysis: Parametric data (mean pain scores and frequency of topical anaesthetic agent of choice) were compared using the paired samples t-test. A P-value of ≤0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results and Conclusions: Patients reported a mean (±SD; 95% confidence interval) pain score of 5 (±2.58; 3.66-6.46) with Ametop TM , 4.38 (±2.53; 2.64-4.89) with EMLA ® and 3.91 (±1.95; 2.65-4.76) with LMX4 ® . There was no statistically significant difference in pain scores between the different topical anaesthetics. The majority of patients preferred LMX4 ® as their choice of topical anaesthetic for dermatological laser and skin microneedling procedures.
  2,867 202 -
GUEST EDITORIAL
Current trends in facial rejuvenation with fillers
Shehnaz Z Arsiwala
July-September 2015, 8(3):125-126
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167261  PMID:26644733
  2,619 380 -
EDITORIAL
Ethics in aesthetic surgery: Rituals and realities
Niti Khunger
July-September 2015, 8(3):123-124
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167259  PMID:26644732
  2,031 163 -
CASE REPORT
Dumbbell-shaped neurofibroma over the external ear
SS Shirol, Srinivas Kodaganur, Abhilash A Dani, Pradeep V Bhagwat
July-September 2015, 8(3):175-177
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167285  PMID:26644744
Dumbbell-shaped swellings in neurofibroma have been commonly described in the spine, thorax, cranial cavity, and pelvis; however, dumbbell-shaped swellings in the peripheries are rare. Here, we report a dumbbell-shaped neurofibroma over the pinna in an 18-year-old female patient, its successful surgical management, and its association with Hashimoto thyroiditis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first ever case to be reported of a dumbbell-shaped neurofibroma over the external ear and only the fourth case of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) to be associated with Hashimoto thyroiditis.
  2,044 86 -
ETHICS
Informed consent in aesthetic surgery
Lalit Kapoor
July-September 2015, 8(3):173-174
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167284  PMID:26644743
  1,791 137 -
CORRESPONDENCE
Tâche noire: A classic case treated with dual freeze cycles of liquid nitrogen cryotherapy and clasped manoeuvre
Vijay Zawar, Gayatri Karad, Antonio Chuh
July-September 2015, 8(3):184-186
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167290  PMID:26644749
  1,815 94 -
Psoriatic lesions following botulinum toxin: A injections to the glabellar region
Candemir Ceran, Ersin Aksam, Duriye Deniz Demirseren, Mustafa Erol Demirseren
July-September 2015, 8(3):178-179
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167286  PMID:26644745
  1,658 88 -
Granular cell tumour
Hemant Kumar Singh, Arpitha Anantharaju, Sarath Chandra Sistla
July-September 2015, 8(3):181-183
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167288  PMID:26644747
  1,660 77 -
Re: Aesthetic management of gum hyperpigmentation by a simple technique
Santhosh Kumar, G Subraya Bhat
July-September 2015, 8(3):187-187
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167291  PMID:26644750
  1,547 113 -
When expanding a margin of skin cancers after reconstruction with local flap: Where to do it?
Nicola Zingaretti, Gianni Franco Guarneri, Daria Almesberger, Michele Riccio, Pier Camillo Parodi
July-September 2015, 8(3):183-184
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167289  PMID:26644748
  1,561 77 -
Infraorbital cutaneous angiosarcoma: Successful surgical management applying mitek anchorage system
Alena Kulyapina, Jose Ignacio Salmeron Escobar
July-September 2015, 8(3):179-181
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.167287  PMID:26644746
  1,479 60 -
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