Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2013| January-March  | Volume 6 | Issue 1  
    Online since April 4, 2013

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Cosmeceuticals for hyperpigmentation: What is available?
Rashmi Sarkar, Pooja Arora, K Vijay Garg
January-March 2013, 6(1):4-11
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.110089  PMID:23723597
Cosmeceuticals are topical cosmetic-pharmaceutical hybrids that enhance the beauty through constituents that provide additional health-related benefit. Cosmeceuticals are commonly used for hyperpigmentation. These disorders are generally difficult to treat, hence the need for skin lightening agents including, cosmeceuticals. These agents selectively target hyperplastic melanocytes and inhibit key regulatory steps in melanin synthesis. With the recent safety concern regarding use of hydroquinone, the need for alternative natural, safe and efficacious skin lightening agents is becoming all the more necessary and the article attempts to look at other alternative cosmeceuticals available or maybe upcoming in the future. We carried out a PUBMED search using the following terms "cosmeceuticals, hyperpigmentation, skin lightening agents." We cited the use of various agents used for the treatment of hyperpigmentation, mainly melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. We describe the safety and efficacy of these agents and their advantage over the conventional therapy.
  45 23,836 2,219
Use of platelet-rich fibrin over skin wounds: Modified secondary intention healing
Chirag B Desai, Uma R Mahindra, Yogesh K Kini, Makarand K Bakshi
January-March 2013, 6(1):35-37
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.110096  PMID:23723604
The healing process after any surgical intervention has always posed a challenge for the surgeons. In spite of the advances in wound closure techniques and devices, there is a crucial need for newer methods of enhancing the healing process to achieve optimal outcomes. Fibrin adhesives and platelet concentrates have proven useful in various treatment modalities in the fields of microvascular and plastic surgery. This case report shows its unique use in the field of maxillofacial and cutaneous surgery. It shows an innovative technique of enhancement of skin wound healing by local application of platelet-rich fibrin.
  15 4,836 456
Cutaneous angiosarcoma of the head, neck, and face of the elderly in type 5 skin
Sreedevi Ambujam, Moutusi Audhya, Asritha Reddy, Sumit Roy
January-March 2013, 6(1):45-47
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.110099  PMID:23723607
Cutaneous angiosarcoma is a rare, highly malignant vascular tumor with three clinical types. It is predominantly seen in the white-skinned people and rarely dealt with among the colored races. Cutaneous angiosarcoma of head and neck of the elderly is a great mimicker with many clinical presentations. The condition needs to be differentiated from several other common conditions and the diagnosis may be extremely difficult in some cases. Herein, we report the case of a 65-year-old man with type 5 skin who presented with an unusual and extensive involvement of the scalp and face presenting a diagnostic challenge.
  9 4,323 199
A prospective, randomized, placebo controlled, double blind study of silicone gel in prevention of hypertrophic scar at donor site of skin grafting
Ravi Kumar Chittoria, Tirupathi Rao Padi
January-March 2013, 6(1):12-16
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.110090  PMID:23723598
Background: Hypertrophic scarring at donor site of skin grafting is prevalent among Asians. The effectiveness of silicone gel in scar prevention may influence the surgeons and patients regarding its routine use during the postoperative period. Aims and Objectives: To study the efficacy of silicone gel in prevention of hypertrophic scars at donor site of skin grafting. Design: Prospective randomized placebo controlled double blind study. Setting: The study was conducted in the department of Plastic Surgery, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences (SVIMS) University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India from June 2007 to June 2009. Patients were recruited during follow-up in the OPD. Materials and Methods: The susceptibility to scar development varied among patients; therefore, donor site scars were divided into upper half and lower half. Two types of coded gel prepared by an independent pharmacist were used on either half. Thus, selection and assessment biases and confounders were eliminated. Results: 100 scars in 50 patients were randomized into two arms, 50 control and 50 silicone gel. The median age was 25.5 years and there were 30 men (60%) and 20 women (40%). Thirty-seven patients (74%) had good compliance. The overall incidence of donor site hypertrophic scar was 94% (47 out of 50). At the second month postoperatively, the silicone gel scars were scored lower when compared with the control scars. The differences were statistically significant in all parameters, including pigmentation ( P = 0.001), Vascularity ( P = 0.010), pliability ( P = 0.001), and height ( P = 0.010). Conclusion: The effect of silicone gel in prevention of hypertrophic scar development in donor site scars is promising. Success of silicone gel in its prophylactic role will create its routine use in all types of surgery to minimize the formation of hypertrophic scars in the early postoperative period.
  6 6,404 822
Comparision of vacuum-asisted closure and moist wound dressing in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers
Hassan Ravari, Mohammad-Hadi Saeed Modaghegh, Gholam Hosein Kazemzadeh, Hamed Ghoddusi Johari, Attieh Mohammadzadeh Vatanchi, Abolghasem Sangaki, Mohammad Vahedian Shahrodi
January-March 2013, 6(1):17-20
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.110091  PMID:23723599
Background: Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) is a new method in wound care which speeds wound healing by causing vacuum, improving tissue perfusion and suctioning the exudates. This study aims to evaluate its efficacy in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers. Materials and Methods: Thirteen patients with diabetic foot ulcers were enrolled in the moist dressing group, and 10 patients in the VAC group. The site, size and depth of the wound were inspected and recorded before and every three days during the study period. Patient satisfaction and formation of granulation tissue were also assessed. Results: Improvement of the wound in the form of reducing the diameter and depth and increasing proliferation of granulation tissue was significant in most of the patients of the VAC group after two weeks. Satisfaction of patients in the VAC group was evaluated as excellent as no amputation was done in this group. Wagner score was reduced in both the study groups, although this decrement was not significant in the moist dressing group. Conclusion: VAC appears to be as safe as and more efficacious than moist dressing for the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers.
  6 7,213 495
Extensive invasive extramammary Paget's disease: Surgical treatment
Uwe Wollina
January-March 2013, 6(1):41-44
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.110098  PMID:23723606
Extramammary Paget's disease is uncommon. Diagnosis has to be confirmed by histopathology. Treatment is a challenge in cases with extended tumors. We present a 70-year-old male patient with extensive genitoanal Paget's disease. Mohs surgery is the gold standard in such cases. Details of the surgical planning are discussed including wound bed preparation. Radiotherapy may be an alternative.
  3 6,125 181
Recurrent gingival swelling in pregnant women
Mukesh Kumar, Niti Goyal, Parveen Dahiya, Rajan Gupta
January-March 2013, 6(1):48-50
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.110100  PMID:23723608
The aim of this case report is to present a rare case which has been reported with the history of small nodule like growth on mandibular buccal and lingual area. Thirty year old pregnant women reported a nodule on left mandibular buccal and lingual region. The lesion was surgically excised and sent for biopsy to differentiate from kimura's disease, pyogenic granuloma, epithelioid angiosarcoma (EH). Histologically lesion shows proliferation of endothelial cells along blood vessels suggesting epithelioid hemangioma. The purpose of this report is to discuss and differentiate EH and other vascular rare entities occurring in the oral cavity.
  2 3,258 219
Pleomorphic lipoma of the tongue as potential mimic of liposarcoma
Antonio D'Antonio, Giampiero Locatelli, Giuseppina Liguori, Maria Addesso
January-March 2013, 6(1):51-53
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.110101  PMID:23723609
We herein report a rare case of pleomorphic lipoma of the tongue with a review of world literature. A 44-year-old woman presented with a nodule of the tongue that had been present for over three years. Clinical examination revealed a yellowish sub-mucosal lesion, measuring 3 cm in maximum diameter, protruding from lingual surface. A first biopsy showed a lipomatous tumour composed of mature adipocytes intermingled with myxoid areas composed of spindle uniform in size and shape and multinucleated floret-like giant cells. Spindle and giant cells were positive for CD34. A diagnosis of pleomorphic lipoma was made. In view of the benign nature of this mass, it was de-bulked rather than completely excised in order to preserve swallowing function.
  2 3,958 118
Horizontal running mattress suture modified with intermittent simple loops
Anna H Chacon, Michael I Shiman, Narissa Strozier, Martin N Zaiac
January-March 2013, 6(1):54-56
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.110102  PMID:23723610
Using the combination of a horizontal running mattress suture with intermittent loops achieves both good eversion with the horizontal running mattress plus the ease of removal of the simple loops. This combination technique also avoids the characteristic railroad track marks that result from prolonged non-absorbable suture retention. The unique feature of our technique is the incorporation of one simple running suture after every two runs of the horizontal running mattress suture. To demonstrate its utility, we used the suturing technique on several patients and analyzed the cosmetic outcome with post-operative photographs in comparison to other suturing techniques. In summary, the combination of running horizontal mattress suture with simple intermittent loops demonstrates functional and cosmetic benefits that can be readily taught, comprehended, and employed, leading to desirable aesthetic results and wound edge eversion.
  2 7,219 254
Congenital melanocytic nevi: Catch them early!
Karthika Natarajan, Pavai Arunachalam, D Sundar, CR Srinivas
January-March 2013, 6(1):38-40
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.110097  PMID:23723605
We report a 2-week-old neonate with a large congenital melanocytic nevus over face treated with surgical curettage followed by a combination of carbon dioxide laser and Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet lasers. The results were satisfactory with near complete resolution after 1 year of age. This case is reported to emphasize the timely management and the importance of curettage prior to development of rete ridges.
  1 9,748 250
ACS(I) Textbook on Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Binod K Khaitan
January-March 2013, 6(1):60-60
  - 3,075 294
Efficacy and safety of 10,600-nm carbon dioxide fractional laser on facial skin with previous volume injections
Josiane Hélou, Ismaël Maatouk, Roy Moutran, Grace Obeid, Farid Stephan
January-March 2013, 6(1):30-32
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.110094  PMID:23723602
Background: Fractionated carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) lasers are a new treatment modality for skin resurfacing. The cosmetic rejuvenation market abounds with various injectable devices (poly-L-lactic acid, polymethyl-methacrylate, collagens, hyaluronic acids, silicone). The objective of this study is to examine the efficacy and safety of 10,600-nm CO 2 fractional laser on facial skin with previous volume injections. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study including 14 patients treated with fractional CO 2 laser and who have had previous facial volume restoration. The indication for the laser therapy, the age of the patients, previous facial volume restoration, and side effects were all recorded from their medical files. Objective assessments were made through clinical physician global assessment records and improvement scores records. Patients' satisfaction rates were also recorded. Results: Review of medical records of the 14 patients show that five patients had polylactic acid injection prior to the laser session. Eight patients had hyaluronic acid injection prior to the laser session. Two patients had fat injection, two had silicone injection and one patient had facial thread lift. Side effects included pain during the laser treatment, post-treatment scaling, post-treatment erythema, hyperpigmentation which spontaneously resolved within a month. Concerning the previous facial volume restoration, no granulomatous reactions were noted, no facial shape deformation and no asymmetry were encountered whatever the facial volume product was. Conclusion: CO 2 fractional laser treatments do not seem to affect facial skin which had previous facial volume restoration with polylactic acid for more than 6 years, hyaluronic acid for more than 0.5 year, silicone for more than 6 years, or fat for more than 1.4 year. Prospective larger studies focusing on many other variables (skin phototype, injected device type) are required to achieve better conclusions.
  - 1,301 148
Commentary on the article, "Efficacy and safety of 10 600-nm carbon dioxide fractional laser on facial skin with previous volume injections"
Niteen V Dhepe
January-March 2013, 6(1):33-34
  - 2,297 142
The science, reality, and ethics of treating common acquired melanocytic nevi (moles) with lasers
Kabir Sardana
January-March 2013, 6(1):27-29
  - 2,563 238
Why Australia and Indian researchers should collaborate to advance wound management innovation?
Zee Upton
January-March 2013, 6(1):1-3
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.110087  PMID:23723596
  - 4,434 395
Radiofrequency: The next step for gingival depigmentation
Poramate Pitak-Arnnop, Kittipong Dhanuthai, Niels Christian Pausch
January-March 2013, 6(1):57-59
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.110103  PMID:23723611
  - 2,431 205
Single treatment with 100-microsecond alexandrite laser clears selected acquired melanocytic nevi in type IV asian facial skin
Etienne CE Wang, Priya Sen, Chee-Leok Goh, Sze-Hon Chua
January-March 2013, 6(1):21-26
DOI:10.4103/0974-2077.110092  PMID:23723600
Context: Small common acquired melanocytic nevi (AMNs) are common on Asian facial skin. Aims: To show that the 755 nm Alexandrite laser stacked at the 100-μs long-pulsed mode (μsAL) is an effective modality for the removal of selected AMNs. Settings and Design: This was a retrospective case series, followed up with a telephone interview. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of all patients treated between January 2010 and April 2012 with the μsAL laser for small AMNs was conducted. Pre- and post-treatment facial photographs and photographs of the individual lesions were analyzed by two independent dermatological surgeons for degree of clearance and complications. A telephone interview was conducted with the patients to assess their satisfaction with the procedure. Results: A total of 18 patients with 53 lesions were included. 7/18 (38.9%) of patients had 'excellent' results. No patients had 'mild' or 'poor' results. At 4 week post-treatment, 49/53 (92.5%) were totally cleared, with 14/53 (26.4%) reporting mild atrophy, and 11/53 (20.8%) reporting mild post-inflammatory hypopigmentation. The majority of lesions had negligible complications. 9/18 (50%) judged the procedure to be 'excellent', and all patients reported that they would recommend this procedure to a friend seeking removal of small facial AMNs. Conclusion: The μsAL is an effective modality for the removal of small facial AMNs.
  - 5,693 267
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