Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery

SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 160--161

The rhombic bilobed flap, a simple, geometrically designed flap


Yoshiaki Sakamoto, Hideo Nakajima, Kazuo Kishi 
 Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Yoshiaki Sakamoto
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ward, Tokyo - 160-8582
Japan

Abstract

We describe a combination of the common rhomboid flap and bilobed flap and provide an example of its use. The rhombic bilobed flap is simple to use and is associated with fewer complications, such as pin-cushioning and standing cone deformities, while minimizing the risk of skin necrosis and tension on the flap.



How to cite this article:
Sakamoto Y, Nakajima H, Kishi K. The rhombic bilobed flap, a simple, geometrically designed flap.J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2014;7:160-161


How to cite this URL:
Sakamoto Y, Nakajima H, Kishi K. The rhombic bilobed flap, a simple, geometrically designed flap. J Cutan Aesthet Surg [serial online] 2014 [cited 2021 Sep 20 ];7:160-161
Available from: https://www.jcasonline.com/text.asp?2014/7/3/160/146670


Full Text

 Introduction



The goals of facial reconstruction surgery centre on closing defects in an inconspicuous manner. Fortunately, the robust vascular supply of the face allows for many reconstructive options using localized flaps. The rhomboid flap is commonly used for facial skin defects because of its simple design. However, a severe transposition may result in the development of a standing cone deformity, making closure of the flap difficult as a result of the tension on the tissue. If the raised flap region is closed, severe tension will also lead to the development of other deformities that affect facial symmetry. To solve this problem, we have employed a modification of the bilobed flap.

 Technique



To create the modified rhombic bilobed flap design, an ABCD rhombus, with angles of 60 and 120 degrees, is drawn around the defect. The first lobe of the bilobed flap is formed by constructing a standard Dufourmentel type of rhombic flap [1] and the BAD angle is the same as the DEF angle, which makes the first lobe of the bilobed flap equal to the size of the defect. The second lobe of the flap is created from half to two-thirds of the first lobe. The angle of FGH is also equal to the angles of BAC [Figure 1]. {Figure 1}

A representative case of a 68-year-old man with a 9 mm, benign nevus on the side of his nose is described. One-year post-operatively, the ectropion of the inferior eyelid and the nasal deformities were no longer apparent; the patient was satisfied with the result [Figure 2].{Figure 2}

 Discussion



The original rhombic bilobed flap concept required that the lengths of the sides of the flaps be the same but that the angles at the tips of the flaps be small. [2],[3] When using this approach, necrosis was noted at the tips of the second lobe because of its greater distance from the base of the flap. Therefore, we changed the design so that the angles at the vertices of the flaps were the same. This allowed the sides of the first lobe, around the defect, to be the same but the lengths of the sides of the second lobe to be shorter. Using this design, we did not note any skin necrosis.

The bilobed flap design has advantages over the single flap design in that the tension and stress on the skin can be dispersed across two flaps rather than across the single flap. [4] A standard bilobed flap has the disadvantage of pin-cushioning that often develops as a result of the curvilinear flaps; the incidence of pin-cushioning is reported to be 5%. [5] The precise geometric design of the revised rhombic bilobed flap decreases the incidence of pin-cushioning by producing angular corners.

 Conclusion



In conclusion, the revised rhombic bilobed flap is very simple to use and is associated with fewer complications, including pin-cushioning and standing cone deformities, while minimizing the risk of skin necrosis and tension on the flap.

References

1Limberg AA. Modern trends in plastic surgery. Design of local flaps. Mod Trends Plast Surg 1966;2:38-61.
2Iida N, Ohsumi N, Tonegawa M, Tsutsumi K. Simple method of designing a bilobed flap. Plast Reconstr Surg 1999;104:495-9.
3Dinehart SM. The rhombic bilobed flap for nasal reconstruction. Dermatol Surg 2001;27:501-4.
4Esser JF. Stalked local rhinoplasty with bilobed flap, cover the secondary defect from the first lobe by the secondary lobe. German for surgery 1918;143:385.
5Moy RL, Grossfeld JS, Baum M, Rivlin D, Eremia S. Reconstruction of the nose utilizing a bilobed flap. Int J Dermatol 1994;33:657-60.