Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 110-119

Fourth dimension in reconstruction of defects following excision of basal cell carcinoma of head and neck!

Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Faciomaxillary Surgery, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Sridhar Sruthi
A 2, Srinivasa Apartments, 27, Srinivasa Avenue Road, R. A. Puram, Chennai 600028, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_100_17

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Background: Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) are the most common skin tumors of the face. Excision results in soft tissue defects that require reconstruction with the focus on form, function, and patient satisfaction. Aim: To analyze the reconstruction of BCC excision defects of the head and neck region using local flaps and skin grafts with respect to the four dimensions of oncological reconstruction: clearance, form, function, and patient satisfaction. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective study conducted on 88 patients who presented with BCC of the head and neck region and who were operated in our hospital from January 2015 to December 2016 with a minimum follow-up period of 6 months up to June 2017. All patients underwent wide local excision and reconstruction using appropriate local flaps or split-thickness skin graft (SSG). Patients were analyzed with respect to age, sex, site, size, reconstruction method, complications, and patient satisfaction using the customized Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire (PSQ), derived from PSQ III. Results: A total of 77.3% defects were immediately reconstructed using local flaps and 18.2% underwent SSG. All flaps and grafts survived well with a complication rate of 6.8%. Approximately 72.7% of patients had good satisfaction with the medical care and reconstruction. Conclusion: Post-excisional defects of BCC in the head and neck region have to be reconstructed with equal weightage to the four pillars of oncological reconstruction: clearance, form, function, and patient satisfaction. Flap reconstruction is ideal as it brings about reconstruction with patient satisfaction, which is indeed the fourth dimension in any reconstructive surgery.

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