Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 106-108

Reconstructions of small scalp defects with step flap

1 Department of Plastic Surgery, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Medical Ethics, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Medical Student, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ali Ebrahimi
Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, P. O. Box: 1994943636, Tehran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_138_16

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Introduction: Defects of the scalp arise from several aetiologies including trauma, burn, injury, infection, radiation and surgical excision of tumours. Multiple options for reconstruction of scalp defects exist that included primary closure, skin grafts, local flaps, regional and distal free flaps.Patients and Methods: This was a prospective case-series study, which was carried out in the Department of Plastic Surgery of our Hospital. Step flap was used for small (2.5 cm × 2.5 cm) scalp skin defects reconstructions after skin tumour ablations. In this 2 years study, 15 patients (7 female , 8 male), ranging from 40 to 72 years (mean, 53 years), underwent an operation with local step flap for reconstruction of scalp defects caused by basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma excision.Results: The patients who present with small scalp malignant tumours need complete resection and perfect reconstruction. This study showed that step flap with sufficient releasing was an effective method for reconstruction of small scalp defects due to skin malignancies. We had no case of flap complications such as ischaemia or necrosis.Conclusion: We recommend this local flap (z-flap) as a new approach for small scalp defect reconstruction in all areas of hair-bearing scalp.

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