Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37-41

Propranolol for infantile haemangiomas: Experience from a tertiary center

1 Department of Paediatric Surgery, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Smayan Hospital, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vaibhav Pandey
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-2077.129975

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Aim: Infantile haemangiomas are the most common tumor of infancy. We report the use of propranolol for treatment of problematic and complicated haemangiomas. Patients and Methods: Propranolol was given to 52 children with mean age of 18.2 months at onset of treatment. After clinical and electrocardiographic evaluations, propranolol was administered with a starting dose of 2 mg/kg per day, given in 3 divided doses. Monthly follow up was done, response to oral propranolol therapy and any complications of therapy were recorded. Response to propranolol was classified as Complete Response, Excellent Response, Partial Response and Non Responder. Results: Total 49 patients showed significant improvement after propranolol therapy out of which 4 patients were complete responder, 30 patients (56.7%) were excellent responders; 15 patients (28.8%) were partial responders. 3 patients (5.7%) had growth of haemangiomas despite propranolol therapy and were classified as non-responder. Side effect like hypotension, rashes, gastroesophageal reflux was reported by 3 patients. In our study mean duration of treatment was 6.5 months. At the end of treatment propranolol was stopped by with gradual tapering of dose over a period of 2 weeks. Conclusion: Propranolol administered orally at 2 mg/kg per day has rapid effective therapeutic effect in treatment of ulcerated haemangiomas and it appears to be a valuable and effective treatment option for infantile haemangiomas beyond the proliferative phase, and esthetically disfiguring haemangiomas.

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