Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 139--143

A randomised, open-label, comparative study of tranexamic acid microinjections and tranexamic acid with microneedling in patients with melasma


Leelavathy Budamakuntla, Eswari Loganathan, Deepak Hurkudli Suresh, Sharavana Shanmugam, Shwetha Suryanarayan, Aparna Dongare, Lakshmi Dammaningala Venkataramiah, Namitha Prabhu 
 Department of Dermatology, Bowring and Lady Curzon Hospital and Research Institute Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Leelavathy Budamakuntla
No. 21, Sri Mookambika, 4th Cross, 1st Stage (Opposite IDIOM), Michael Playa, Indiranagar, Bangalore - 560 038, Karnataka
India

Background: Melasma is a common cause of facial hyperpigmentation with significant cosmetic deformity. Although several treatment modalities are available, none is satisfactory. Aim: To compare the therapeutic efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid (TA) microinjections versus tranexamic acid with microneedling in melasma. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective, randomised, open-label study with a sample size of 60; 30 in each treatment arms. Thirty patients were administered with localised microinjections of TA in one arm, and other 30 with TA with microneedling. The procedure was done at monthly intervals (0, 4 and 8 weeks) and followed up for three consecutive months. Clinical images were taken at each visit including modified Melasma Area Severity Index MASI scoring, patient global assessment and physician global assessment to assess the clinical response. Results: In the microinjection group, there was 35.72% improvement in the MASI score compared to 44.41% in the microneedling group, at the end of third follow-up visit. Six patients (26.09%) in the microinjections group, as compared to 12 patients (41.38%) in the microneedling group, showed more than 50% improvement. However, there were no major adverse events observed in both the treatment groups. Conclusions: On the basis of these results, TA can be used as potentially a new, effective, safe and promising therapeutic agent in melasma. The medication is easily available and affordable. Better therapeutic response to treatment in the microneedling group could be attributed to the deeper and uniform delivery of the medication through microchannels created by microneedling.


How to cite this article:
Budamakuntla L, Loganathan E, Suresh DH, Shanmugam S, Suryanarayan S, Dongare A, Venkataramiah LD, Prabhu N. A randomised, open-label, comparative study of tranexamic acid microinjections and tranexamic acid with microneedling in patients with melasma.J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2013;6:139-143


How to cite this URL:
Budamakuntla L, Loganathan E, Suresh DH, Shanmugam S, Suryanarayan S, Dongare A, Venkataramiah LD, Prabhu N. A randomised, open-label, comparative study of tranexamic acid microinjections and tranexamic acid with microneedling in patients with melasma. J Cutan Aesthet Surg [serial online] 2013 [cited 2020 Jul 16 ];6:139-143
Available from: http://www.jcasonline.com/article.asp?issn=0974-2077;year=2013;volume=6;issue=3;spage=139;epage=143;aulast=Budamakuntla;type=0