Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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   Table of Contents - Current issue
July-September 2019
Volume 12 | Issue 3
Page Nos. 153-202

Online since Tuesday, September 24, 2019

Accessed 3,936 times.

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Who should carry out skin cancer excisions? A systematic review p. 153
Enas Shuber, Dalia Abdulhussein, Pierre Sinclair, Murtaza Kadhum
Background: The incidence of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers is increasing in the United Kingdom. Surgical excision carries the highest cure rates for all skin cancers and is the first-line treatment for melanomas and high-risk nonmelanoma cancers. This is most commonly performed by general practitioners (GPs), dermatologists, and plastic surgeons. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify which health-care professionals achieve the best outcomes following surgical excision of skin cancer lesions. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive search of the Cochrane Library and PubMed databases was conducted. PRISMA guidelines were adhered to throughout. Results: Six studies were identified and reviewed. Dermatologists were most likely to excise lesions adequately, and GPs were the least likely. Dermatologists displayed the greatest diagnostic accuracy, and excisions led by them had the highest overall and disease-free survival rates. Plastic surgeons were most likely to excise complex lesions on difficult-to-treat areas. Conclusion: Dermatologists can excise many skin lesions adequately, but plastic surgeons should continue to take an active role in complex or anatomically challenging lesions. There is a need for more validated training for GPs in the management of skin cancers. Further studies incorporating a randomized control protocol are needed to definitely assess who is best placed to surgically excise these lesions.
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Comparative study of 35% glycolic acid, 20% salicylic–10% mandelic acid, and phytic acid combination peels in the treatment of active acne and postacne pigmentation Highly accessed article p. 158
Rashmi Sarkar, Sneha Ghunawat, Vijay Kumar Garg
Background: Acne is a commonly encountered disorder in the dermatological practice. Chemical peeling is one of the treatment modalities in acne and postacne pigmentation. Although various peeling agents are available, studies comparing their efficacy are lacking. Moreover, there is a paucity of studies comparing the efficacy of combination peels in Asian population. Materials and Methods: Forty-five patients with mild to moderate acne were divided into three groups of fifteen each. Groups A, B, and C underwent peeling sessions biweekly with 35% glycolic acid, 20% salicylic–10% mandelic acid, and phytic acid peels, respectively, for a total of six sessions. All other anti-acne treatments were stopped. Lesion count was carried out at baseline and at each follow-up visit. Acne scoring and postacne hyperpigmentation index were noted at each visit. Photographic record was maintained. Results: Significant reduction in inflammatory and noninflammatory lesion count was noted at 12 weeks in all the three study groups. Reduction in acne score at the end of 12 weeks in the three study groups was 70.55%, 74.14%, and 69.7%, respectively. A significant decline was observed in the postacne hyperpigmentation index in all the three study groups at the end of 12 weeks (P = 0.034). Conclusion: All three chemical peels are effective in the treatment of mild to moderate acne in Asian population. No significant adverse effects were noted.
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Mastoplasty after massive weight loss: Redefinition and stabilization of the breast mound with submuscular autoprosthesis p. 164
Gianfranco M Colicchia, Verdiana Di Pietro, Valerio Cervelli
Context: After massive weight loss, breast changes dramatically becoming ptotic, flat in the upper pole, with significant skin excess. After mastoplasty, often ptosis can recur and the upper pole can lose its fullness again. The technique described in this study treats breast deformities ensuring stable results and avoiding ptosis recurrence. Aim: To analyze a new modality of breast reshaping after massive weight loss, evaluating outcomes and complications as well as patient satisfaction. Settings and Design: This was a case series. Materials and Methods: Fifteen patients (all women, average age, 43.1 years) with bilateral breast ptosis after massive weight loss underwent mastoplasty: the technique included the creation of an inferior pedicle flap that was placed as a prosthesis under the pectoralis muscle and a superomedial pedicle flap containing the nipple–areola complex (NAC). Patients were followed up for at least 6 months, reporting any complications, and measuring the jugulum–NAC distance. Patients’ satisfaction was also reported. Statistical Analysis Used: Nil. Results: All patients were extremely satisfied with the breast volume, shape, symmetry, and ptosis correction. The new mammary contour and the distance between the jugular fossa and the nipple were stable during the follow-up and the upper pole maintained its fullness. No major complications were reported. Conclusion: Mastoplasty with submuscular autoprosthesis proved to be a safe and effective technique to treat breast deformities after massive weight loss because removed redundant tissue repositioned the NAC and filled the upper pole with stable results over time. A similar technique has not been described yet.
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Preparation of platelet-rich fibrin membrane over scaffold of collagen sheet, its advantages over compression method: A novel and simple technique p. 174
Ashish Jagati, Raju G Chaudhary, Santoshdev P Rathod, Bhushan Madke, Kalgi D Baxi, Dixit Kasundra
Introduction: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is compressed by using various tools to make platelet-rich fibrin membrane (PRFM). Preservation of platelets and plasma content of PRFM depends on the compression method used. To overcome limitations of compression method, we prepared PRFM over scaffold of collagen sheet without using any compression device. Aims and Objective: To prepare PRFM without using any compression device over a scaffold of collagen sheet and to evaluate its efficacy in chronic nonhealing ulcer. Materials and Methods: PRFM was prepared, with minor modification in Choukron’s protocol, over a collagen sheet without using compression device. To study its efficacy and reproducibility, total 15 patients over 18 years of age with chronic, nonhealing ulcers of more than 3 months of various causes were included and patients with active wound infection were excluded. Results: We were able to prepare and reproduce PRFM by our technique. It overcomes the limitations of compression method with comparable efficacy to compression method. Results obtained on comparison at week 0, 3, and 6, by paired t-test, were found to be statistically significant (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Preparation of PRFM with the method described is easy and reproducible. Use of collagen sheet synergistically improved wound healing.
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Follicular unit “exploitation”: Follicular unit extraction followed by laser hair reduction—A novel approach to repigmentation of postburn leukodermic scars p. 179
Mohamed Soliman, Sidharth Sonthalia, Akmal Saad, Mohamed Elkomy, Mohamed Abdelhady, Gaurang Krishna
Correction of depigmentation of postburn leukodermic scars is daunting. In contrast to vitiligo, the success rate of skin grafting techniques is much lower in postburn scars owing to altered skin architecture and poor graft uptake. Cellular transfer techniques such as noncultured epidermal or epidermal or keratinocyte suspension suffer the limitations of modest efficacy and high procedural cost. Follicular transplantation by the follicular unit extraction technique is being extensively used in vitiligo. Recently, it has been reported for the correction of scar alopecia. Although this approach is expected to significantly repigment pliant scars, the cosmetic unacceptability of the retained hairs may warrant removal. We describe an innovative three-step protocol to provide a repigmented smooth scar. We vernacularly labeled this technique follicular unit “exploitation,” as the follicular units “exploited” positively for repigmentation were later removed by laser hair reduction.
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Management of delayed skin necrosis following hyaluronic acid filler injection using pulsed hyaluronidase p. 183
Ashish Chauhan, Sukhbir Singh
Facial fillers are minimally invasive aesthetic procedures performed for facial rejuvenation and contouring all over the world. Fillers even in the most experienced hands can lead to fatal complications such as vascular complications that need to be managed immediately with the help of hyaluronidase protocols mentioned in literature. In this case report, a patient was asymptomatic with no signs of vascular occlusion such as blanching or poor capillary refill for 48h. He came after more than 48h of the filler injection with complaints of pulsating pain in the right infraorbital and nasolabial area. We noticed necrosed microvesicles in the infraorbital artery territory with signs of impending skin necrosis extending from right infraorbital region up to the nasolabial fold (slightly medial to it). He was treated immediately with three pulsed doses of 500 units higher dilation of 10 ml each every hour (reconstitution carried out using 3mL normal saline). The skin color improved with decreased pain, and the next day (after 14 hours) we injected 500 units of hyaluronidase in higher dilution of 10mL as slight redness was still present. Skin redness, swelling, and pain disappeared the following day. Skin was completely healed and by 15 days we noticed slight post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, which was easily managed with Q-switched laser and creams. We hereby report a case of delayed skin necrosis (>48h) following filler injections in the cheek area, in the infraorbital artery vascular territory, which was successfully managed with pulsed dose of hyaluronidase.
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Excision of subungual glomus tumor by subungual approach: A useful yet underutilized technique p. 187
Gurunathampalayam Ilango Nambi, Thirumurugan Kavin Arudhra Varanambigai
Objective: The aim of this study was to present an underutilized and underreported surgical technique in which the glomus tumors situated anywhere under the nail bed can be approached and removed with relative ease. Materials and Methods: Over 3 years, four cases of subungual glomus tumors, which were surgically managed with this technique were presented. The technical ease, complications, and aesthetic appearance of the nail were studied and presented. The limitation of this study was the lesser volume of cases. Results: This technique is easy to apply and gives aesthetically good results.
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Preoperative site marking in dermatosurgery p. 191
Uwe Wollina
Dermatosurgery is a growing subspeciality due to increasing numbers of skin cancer and aesthetic procedures. Patient safety is a major issue in dermatosurgery. Quality management, education, and organization are the backbone of patient safety. A simple measure to support patient’s safety and to avoid wrong site surgery is preoperative skin marking. Permanent skin markers offer a painless and cost-effective option. To ensure optimal results, the following problems need careful consideration: good viability after disinfection, sterility of the operation field, no sensitization, or toxic effects of the ink. These issues are discussed in detail to allow a safe and successful procedure.
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Treatment of xanthelasma palpebrarum using pulsed dye laser: Original report on 14 cases p. 193
CP Thajudheen, Kannangath Jyothy, Priyadarshini Arul
Xanthelasma palpebrarum,a benign xanthoma occurring around the eyes ,are treated using lasers like carbon dioxide, argon, pulsed dye, YAG, and diode(1450) laser .Several studies on PDL for xanthelasma palpebrarum (XP) have been reported from abroad but as per our knowledge there are no Indian studies in this regard. We report the efficacy of pulsed dye laser in the management of xanthelasma palpebrarum in Indian patients.
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Neck rejuvenation with thread lift p. 196
Gulhima Arora, Sandeep Arora
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Earlobe reconstruction with a superiorly based bilobed infra-auricular flap p. 201
Ângela Roda, Ana Marcos-Pinto, Rita Pimenta, João Maia-Silva
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