Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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   Table of Contents     
LETTER TO THE EDITOR  
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 201-202
Earlobe reconstruction with a superiorly based bilobed infra-auricular flap


1 Dermatology Department, Hospital de Santa Maria, Centro Hospitalar Universitário Lisboa Norte EPE, Lisbon, Portugal
2 Dermatology Department, Hospital de Santa Maria, Centro Hospitalar Universitário Lisboa Norte EPE, Lisbon, Portugal; Faculdade de Medicina, Clínica Universitária de Dermatologia, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal

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Date of Web Publication24-Sep-2019
 

How to cite this article:
Roda &, Marcos-Pinto A, Pimenta R, Maia-Silva J. Earlobe reconstruction with a superiorly based bilobed infra-auricular flap. J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2019;12:201-2

How to cite this URL:
Roda &, Marcos-Pinto A, Pimenta R, Maia-Silva J. Earlobe reconstruction with a superiorly based bilobed infra-auricular flap. J Cutan Aesthet Surg [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Dec 10];12:201-2. Available from: http://www.jcasonline.com/text.asp?2019/12/3/201/267624




Dear Editor,

The earlobe is an anatomical structure with strong aesthetic and cultural significance. Earlobe deformity may be congenital or, more frequently, acquired due to trauma, burn, or surgery. Its surgical repair is challenging and complex, considering the difficulty in obtaining a durable and aesthetically acceptable outcome. Reconstruction may be immediate or delayed. Many techniques have already been described. We report a new technique for immediate earlobe reconstruction with satisfactory results.

A 46-year-old man was referred to our Dermatologic Surgery Department due to an ulcerated basal cell carcinoma in the left earlobe, confirmed by skin biopsy [Figure 1]A. Surgery was performed under local anesthesia with 2% lidocaine. The tumor and a margin of 5mm were excised [Figure 1]B, resulting in loss of the entire earlobe [Figure 1]C. A vertical, superiorly based, bilobed transposition flap, with the dimensions necessary to reach and cover the defect, was designed in the infra-auricular area, where the patient had redundant skin [Figure 1]B. The flap was raised and folded upon itself, vertically, with the inferior flap forming the anterior part of the reconstructed earlobe [Figure 1]D and [Figure 1]E. The two flaps, overlapping, formed the new earlobe [Figure 1]F. No skin or cartilage graft was used. A simple suture using a 5-0 nonabsorbable, sterile monofilament was used to suture the flap into the primary defect. The secondary defect of the flap donor site was sutured after undermining [Figure 1]G. No postoperative complications were noted. The margins of the specimen were disease-free. One year after surgery, an excellent cosmetic outcome was observed [Figure 1]H.
Figure 1: (A) Clinical picture of basal cell carcinoma in the left earlobe. (B) Design of the flap in the infra-auricular area. (C) Surgical excision with loss of the entire earlobe. (D–G) Reconstruction of the earlobe. (H) Clinical picture 1 year after surgery

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After the first description of the Gavello’s method in the 1970s, several other reconstructive techniques for total earlobe repair have been described. Most of these techniques use a folded flap, two opposing flaps, or a flap and a skin graft, and usually require a two-stage procedure. In addition, some authors have suggested the incorporation of cartilage into earlobe to help maintain its shape. Nevertheless, a satisfactory aesthetical result in earlobe reconstruction has been difficult to obtain with the existing methods, particularly because of the three-dimensional anatomy of the earlobe and its consistency. In general, the residual deformity, the location of the scars, and the viability and similarity of the neighboring tissue are the main factors that determine the selection of the reconstructive method.[1],[2],[3],[4],[5]

The vertical, bilobed transposition and folded flap described herein is a simple single-step procedure, with excellent aesthetic results and minimal scar formation. It may be considered as a valuable technique to reconstruct the full-thickness earlobe defect.

[TAG:2][/TAG:2]

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
   References Top

1.
Cabral AR, Alonso N, Brinca A, Vieira R, Figueiredo A . Earlobe reconstruction by the Gavello technique and bilobed flap. An Bras Dermatol 2013;88:272-5.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Goulão J, Alves J Total earlobe reconstruction with a superiorly based preauricular flap. An Bras Dermatol 2016;91:372-4.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Pinto V, Negosanti L, Piccin O, Cipriani R, Zannetti G . Modified bilobed flap for one-stage earlobe reconstruction: A case report. Am J Otolaryngol 2014;35:265-7.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Sleilati F Immediate earlobe reconstruction with double-crossed skin flaps. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2006;59:1003-5.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Tannir D, Leshin B Utility of a bilayered banner transposition flap in reconstruction of the lower third of the pinna. Dermatol Surg 2000;26:687-9.  Back to cited text no. 5
    

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Correspondence Address:
Ângela Roda
Hospital de Santa Maria, Av. Prof. Egas Moniz s/n, 1649-035 Lisboa.
Portugal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_49_19

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