Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 158-163

Comparative study of 35% glycolic acid, 20% salicylic–10% mandelic acid, and phytic acid combination peels in the treatment of active acne and postacne pigmentation


1 Department of Dermatology, STD and Leprosy, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Columbia Asia Hospital, Gurugram, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Sneha Ghunawat
Department of Dermatology, STD and Leprosy, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi 110002.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_135_18

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Background: Acne is a commonly encountered disorder in the dermatological practice. Chemical peeling is one of the treatment modalities in acne and postacne pigmentation. Although various peeling agents are available, studies comparing their efficacy are lacking. Moreover, there is a paucity of studies comparing the efficacy of combination peels in Asian population. Materials and Methods: Forty-five patients with mild to moderate acne were divided into three groups of fifteen each. Groups A, B, and C underwent peeling sessions biweekly with 35% glycolic acid, 20% salicylic–10% mandelic acid, and phytic acid peels, respectively, for a total of six sessions. All other anti-acne treatments were stopped. Lesion count was carried out at baseline and at each follow-up visit. Acne scoring and postacne hyperpigmentation index were noted at each visit. Photographic record was maintained. Results: Significant reduction in inflammatory and noninflammatory lesion count was noted at 12 weeks in all the three study groups. Reduction in acne score at the end of 12 weeks in the three study groups was 70.55%, 74.14%, and 69.7%, respectively. A significant decline was observed in the postacne hyperpigmentation index in all the three study groups at the end of 12 weeks (P = 0.034). Conclusion: All three chemical peels are effective in the treatment of mild to moderate acne in Asian population. No significant adverse effects were noted.


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