Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 90-94

Safety and efficacy of intralesional vitamin D3 in cutaneous warts: An open uncontrolled trial


Department of Skin and STD, Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Manjunath Kavya
Department of Skin and STD, Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya - 571 401, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_82_16

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Background: Cutaneous warts are treated primarily with destructive methods such as cryotherapy or electrocautery. These modalities of treatment are time-consuming and may be associated with scarring in multiple warts. Immunotherapy is emerging as a new modality of treatment which acts on enhancing cell-mediated immunity against human papillomavirus for clearance of both treated and distant warts. Aims: This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of intralesional Vitamin D3 for the treatment of cutaneous warts. Materials and Methods: Patients with multiple warts were selected for immunotherapy. Vitamin D3 (0.2 ml, 15 mg/ml) was injected to the base of warts after injecting with lignocaine (0.2 ml, 20 mg/ml). The injections were repeated 2 weeks apart for a maximum of 4 sessions or until complete clearance, whichever was earlier. A maximum of 2 warts were treated per session and patients were followed up for 6 months after the last injection. Results: Forty-two patients with multiple warts were recruited for the study who completed the 6-month follow-up period and were available for analysis. Of these, 23 had palmoplantar warts, 18 had verruca vulgaris and 1 patient had filiform wart. In total, 33 of 42 patients (78.57%) showed complete response, 6 patients (14.28%) showed moderate response and three patients (7.14%) showed mild response. Recurrence was observed in one patient with the palmoplantar wart. No serious adverse effects were reported. Limitations: Lack of control group was the main drawback in our study. Conclusion: Intralesional Vitamin D3 is safe and effective for treatment of multiple cutaneous warts.


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