Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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CORRESPONDENCE  
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 281-283
Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with oeosinophilia showing promising result with intralesional radio-frequency ablation therapy: A new cost-effective and hassle-free modality of treatment


Department of DVL, Katuri Medical College and Hospital, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

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Date of Web Publication29-Dec-2016
 

How to cite this article:
Aruna C, Alagappan SK, Bhaskara RV, Kondaveeti S. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with oeosinophilia showing promising result with intralesional radio-frequency ablation therapy: A new cost-effective and hassle-free modality of treatment. J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2016;9:281-3

How to cite this URL:
Aruna C, Alagappan SK, Bhaskara RV, Kondaveeti S. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with oeosinophilia showing promising result with intralesional radio-frequency ablation therapy: A new cost-effective and hassle-free modality of treatment. J Cutan Aesthet Surg [serial online] 2016 [cited 2017 Apr 23];9:281-3. Available from: http://www.jcasonline.com/text.asp?2016/9/4/281/197088


Dear Editor,

A 32-year-old female presented with itchy erythematous papules and nodules of varying sizes over the scalp for the past 7 years. Lesions were progressive and bled on manipulation.

Dermatological examination revealed multiple, firm, non-tender, scaly, erythematous papules and nodules, ranging from 0.5 cm × 0.5 cm to 1.5 cm × 2 cm, few of them arranged in clusters on the posterior aspect of the scalp. General physical and systemic examinations were normal. There was no lymphadenopathy [Figure 1]a and b.
Figure 1: (a) Multiple, erythematous, papules and nodules arranged in clusters, (b) close-up view of lesions, (c) histopathology showing numerous blood vessels in the background of inflammatory infiltrate (d) close-up view of vessel lined by plump endothelial cells 'epitheloid endothelial cells' (H and E, ×100)

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A provisional diagnosis of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with oeosinophilia (ALHE) was considered. Routine blood investigations were normal. Biopsy revealed numerous capillaries with prominent plump endothelial lining with surrounding dense inflammatory infiltrates in the dermis, consistent with ALHE [Figure 1]c and d. She was put on oral steroids (prednisolone 1 mg/kg/day) and topical imiquimod (3 days in a week) for 2 months, with no improvement, which led us to opt for a newer technique, intralesional radio-frequency ablation (RFA). We employed 'Mega Surg Gold' high-frequency radiosurgery unit (dermaindia) for the procedure [Figure 2]. After local infiltration with 2% lignocaine, a 22-gauge needle was inserted with its distal 3 mm-0.5 cm (depending on the size of the lesion) inside the lesion. RFA was performed at high power.in coagulation mode by touching the needle at its proximal end [Figure 3] and needle was slightly lifted with help of forceps to avoid thermal damage to the uninvolved epidermis and dermis. With single epidermal entry point, fanning technique was employed, and energy was passed for an average of 15-20 s before the change of direction of the needle. Eight sessions were performed over a period of 4 months (at 2 week interval), treating 4-5 lesions in each session. By the end of the last session, there was remarkable resolution of lesions with minimal scarring at the treated area, which was almost invisible after the growth of surrounding hair [Figure 4]. There was no recurrence of lesions during the follow-up period of 1 year.
Figure 2: (a) 22-gauge sterile needle used for intralesional radio-frequency ablation and (b) radio-frequency ablation equipment

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Figure 3: Intralesional radio-frequency ablation technique

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Figure 4: (a) Initial presentation of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia, (b) at the end of the fourth session, (c) sixth session, (d) 2 weeks after the last session

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   Discussion Top


Although ALHE is a benign vascular tumour, it is potentially disfiguring; hence, there is a need for therapy with good curative and cosmetic result as well.

Various topical agents such as timolol, imiquimod, tacrolimus and systemic agents such as corticosteroids, propranolol, retinoids, pentoxifylline and chemotherapeutic agents such as vinblastine and mepolizumab (anti-interleukin-5) have been tried with inconsistent results. Surgical excision can be considered, but local recurrences occur in 33-50% as the lesions are often multilobulated and poorly delineated. Photodynamic therapy, electrocautery, cryosurgery and intralesional corticosteroids, interferon alfa-2a, lasers have shown some success. [1],[2],[3],[4] Although there are many modalities available in the treatment of ALHE, showing variable results, none of them are completely satisfactory and cost-effective.

Intralesional RFA is a minimally invasive procedure with added advantage of less surface damage and has been employed recently in the management of ALHE. In a report of ALHE being treated with intralesional RFA, an 18 gauge intravenous cannula Venflon was used with good results. [5] We used 22 gauge needle, which is much cheaper than the intravenous cannula for intralesional RFA without any difference in outcome. This particular method is useful for widespread lesions where medical and surgical modalities produce suboptimal results. Post-procedure complications include minimal scarring and depigmentation, which in areas such as scalp can be invisible/camouflaged with hair, like in our case.

This case is reported for intralesional RFA therapy being a new, cost-effective and easy-to-treat modality in the management of ALHE with a long-lasting result and no relapses, especially in limited resource settings, as it just requires an RFA and a sterile needle.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

 
   References Top

1.
Chacon AH, Mercer J. Successful management of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia in a split-face trial of topical tacrolimus and timolol solution. G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2014.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Lembo S, Balato A, Cirillo T, Balato N. A long-term follow-up of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia treated by corticosteroids: When a traditional therapy is still up-to-date. Case Rep Dermatol 2011;3:64-7.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Braun-Falco M, Fischer S, Plötz SG, Ring J. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia treated with anti-interleukin-5 antibody (mepolizumab). Br J Dermatol 2004;151:1103-4.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Carlesimo M, Mari E, Tammaro A, Persechino S, Camplone G. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia treated with isotretinoin. Eur J Dermatol 2007;17:554-5.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Singh S, Dayal M, Walia R, Arava S, Sharma R, Gupta S. Intralesional radiofrequency ablation for nodular angiolymphoid hyperplasia on forehead: A minimally invasive approach. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2014;80:419-21.  Back to cited text no. 5
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  

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Correspondence Address:
Chintaginjala Aruna
Department of DVL, Katuri Medical College and Hospital, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-2077.197088

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  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4]



 

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