Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Print this page
Email this page
Small font size
Default font size
Increase font size
Home About us Current issue Archives Instructions Submission Subscribe Editorial Board Partners Contact e-Alerts Login 


 
   Table of Contents     
COMMENTARY  
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 49-50
Commentary on: The electric household chimney: A cost effective alternative for smoke evacuator in the operating room


Department of Dermatology and Sexually-Transmitted Disease, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, India

Click here for correspondence address and email

Date of Web Publication2-Apr-2014
 

How to cite this article:
Khunger N. Commentary on: The electric household chimney: A cost effective alternative for smoke evacuator in the operating room. J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2014;7:49-50

How to cite this URL:
Khunger N. Commentary on: The electric household chimney: A cost effective alternative for smoke evacuator in the operating room. J Cutan Aesthet Surg [serial online] 2014 [cited 2019 Jul 20];7:49-50. Available from: http://www.jcasonline.com/text.asp?2014/7/1/49/129980


Ashique and Kaliyadan report use of electric household chimney as an economic alternative of smoke evacuator. [1] Surgical plume is generated when lasers and electrosurgery devices that are used to cut, coagulate or ablate tissue cause cells to heat and rupture leading to vaporisation of cellular contents into the air. It is well known that surgical smoke is hazardous to patients and surgical team members but yet, awareness about smoke evacuators is lacking. This is important as many surgical procedures in dermatology that emit smoke such as electrosurgery, radiofrequency procedures and lasers are carried out as ambulatory office procedures, where smoke evacuation facilities may not be available.

Tomita et al.,[2] showed that surgical smoke generated by electrosurgery devices was twice as harmful as the smoke generated by lasers and when inhaled, was equivalent to smoking six unfiltered cigarettes. It can cause burning and watering of the eyes, respiratory problems, nausea, and pathogenic contamination and regrowth of infective organisms such as human papilloma virus. The offensive odour in surgical smoke is caused by a wide variety of toxic gases which are inhaled. Some of these toxins such as benzene, toluene and formaldehyde are known carcinogens. A recent study by Tseng et al.,[3] established that abundant submicron particles and high concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which are known carcinogens were found in electrosurgery smoke during mastectomies, in a concentration that was 20-30 times higher than the environment. The size of the particulate matter is also important. Wearing a standard surgical mask can only filter particulate matter more than 5 μm in size. Thus most of the plume can easily pass through the mask and be deposited in the lungs. It has been shown that 77% of the particulate matter in the plume is less than 1.1 μm in size, which is not filtered by the surgical mask and can be inhaled, causing bronchitis, emphysema and chronic irritation. [4] Tseng et al.,[3] also found that most particles were in the size range of 0.3 to 0.5 μm, which can potentially penetrate through the medical masks into human respiration. The particulate matter can also contain viable bacteria and viruses. Hence there is a potential for transmission of diseases such as warts that are commonly treated by dermatologists. [5],[6] A report of a surgeon developing laryngeal papillomatosis after using a laser to ablate condyloma on his patient, which was the same serotype, highlights the dangers of surgical smoke. [7] Baggish et al.,[8] detected the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus DNA in laser plume, which was positive on tissue culture in the tubing of the smoke evacuator.

The use of smoke evacuators as a routine practice is probably hindered by a lack of awareness and a comparative high cost of equipment. This article brings to focus the need of a smoke evacuator in a small set up with space constraints in a cost-effective way by using the common household electric chimney, an equipment that is routinely available. [1] In addition it may not always be possible to have an assistant to hold the standard smoke evacuators at all times. An advantage of the household chimney is that this stationary device does away with the requirement of an assistant. What is required are further studies to evaluate the effectiveness of this simple device and probably certain modifications and additions of better filters to make it safer. Other alternate options that can be utilised are the use of suction devices. The difference between the standard smoke evacuators and these devices is the efficiency of the system and the disposal of the smoke. Hence comparative studies should be done. The use of a smoke evacuation system should be made mandatory in all settings, whether the operation theatre or a clinic where surgical smoke is generated in order to protect the health personnel and the patients.

 
   References Top

1.Ashique KT, Kaliyadan F. "Something Better Than Nothing" Using the House Hold Electric Chimney in the Procedure Room as an Attempt to Reduce the Smell and Biohazard. J Cutan Aesth Surg 2014;7:46-8.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Tomita Y, Mihashi S, Nagata K, Ueda S, Fujiki M, Hirano M, et al. Mutagenicity of smoke condensates induced by CO 2 -laser irradiation and electrocauterization. Mutat Res 1981;89:145-9.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]    
3.Tseng HS, Liu SP, Uang SN, Yang LR, Lee SC, Liu YJ, et al. Cancer risk of incremental exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in electrocautery smoke for mastectomy personnel. World J Surg Oncol 2014;12:31.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.Mihashi S, Ueda S, Hirano M, Hirano M, Tomita Y, Hirohata T. Some problems about condensates induced by CO 2 laser irradiation. Karume Japan, Department of Otolaryngology and Public Health; 1975.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.Hallmo P, Naess O. Laryngeal papillomatosis with human papillomavirus DNA contracted by a laser surgeon. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 1991;248:425-7.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.Sawchuk WS, Weber PJ, Lowy DR, Dzubow LM. Infectious papillomavirus in the vapour of warts treated with carbon dioxide laser or electrocoagulation: Detection and protection. J Am Acad Dermatol 1989;21:41-9.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.Garden JM, O'Banion MK, Shelnitz LS, Pinski KS, Bakus AD, Reichmann ME, et al. Papillomavirus is the vapor of carbon dioxide laser-treated verrucae. JAMA 1988;259:1199-202.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.Baggish MS, Poiesz BJ, Joret D, Williamson P, Refai A. Presence of human immunodeficiency virus DNA in laser smoke. Lasers Surg Med 1991;11:197-203.  Back to cited text no. 8
    

Top
Correspondence Address:
Niti Khunger
Department of Dermatology and Sexually-Transmitted Disease, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi-110 029
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 24761101

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions




 

Top
  
 
  Search
 
  
    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  


    References

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1168    
    Printed42    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded103    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal