Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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   Table of Contents     
LETTER  
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 151-152
Recurrent adult nasal dermoid cyst


1 Department of Dermatology, Eskisehir Military Hospital 26020 Eskisehir, Turkey
2 Department of Plastic Surgery, Eskisehir Military Hospital 26020 Eskisehir, Turkey
3 Department of Pathology, Eskisehir Military Hospital 26020 Eskisehir, Turkey
4 Department of Neurosurgery, Eskisehir Military Hospital 26020 Eskisehir, Turkey

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Date of Web Publication17-Sep-2011
 

How to cite this article:
Yildiz H, Cil Y, Simsek HA, Erginay T. Recurrent adult nasal dermoid cyst. J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2011;4:151-2

How to cite this URL:
Yildiz H, Cil Y, Simsek HA, Erginay T. Recurrent adult nasal dermoid cyst. J Cutan Aesthet Surg [serial online] 2011 [cited 2014 Oct 26];4:151-2. Available from: http://www.jcasonline.com/text.asp?2011/4/2/151/85046


Sir,

Dermoid cyst is a rare developmental anomaly that often arises in lines of embryologic fusion. It is a subcutaneous cyst that is originated in ectoderm. It contains multiple ectodermal structures and also mesodermal elements. [1] Nasal dermoid cysts usually present in children and are diagnosed in the first 3 years of life; however, some lesions progress to adulthood. [2] A 21-year-old male admitted to our clinic with a chronic exudative ulcer at the bridge of the nose [Figure 1]. The lesion had started as a small subcutaneous mass when the patient was 3 years old. The lesion had been operated by another surgical clinic when the patient was 12 years old. It has been exudative and foul-smelling since then. It did not recover and was treated with topical and systemic antibiotherapies by various clinics. Physical examination revealed an exudative ulcer, 8 mm in diameter in the midline of the nose skin. On palpation, the underlying nasal bone appeared normal. The nasal septum was in the midline. Craniofacial abnormalities, including craniosynostosis, hemifacial microsomia, bilateral lacrymal duct cyst, and cleft lip/palate, were not found. No abnormality was found on systemic examination. Surgical excision was performed with 6× loop magnification. Many terminal hairs were seen in macroscopy [Figure 2]. Histopathological examination of biopsy sample showed that the cyst is lined by keratinizing squamous epithelium with attached pilosebaceous structures. Histopathological examination of biopsy was assessed as dermoid cyst. The surgical wound healed uneventfully. No recurrence was seen during the follow-up period [Figure 3].
Figure 1: A 21-year-old male admitted to our clinic with a chronic exudative ulcer at the bridge of the nose

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Figure 2: Intraoperative view of the operating site and lesion

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Figure 3: Early and late postoperative view of the operating site. Patient healed without problem

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The incidence of dermoid cyst is estimated at 1:20,000 to 1:40,000 births. [1] They may be seen on the outer third of eyebrow (external angle dermoid), the midline of scalp (the occipital area), the midline of nose, the submental area, the anterior neck, and the anterior chest wall. The management of dermoid cysts requires complete surgical excision without rupture. However, not uncommonly, ruptures occur, and incomplete removal may lead to recurrence. [3] Recurrence rate of dermoid cyst is approximately 20%. The use of microsurgical instruments and microscope or endoscope to aid in total excision is recommended. [3] We used 6× loop for surgical intervention. Preoperative computerized tomography/magnetic resonance imaging evaluation must be done to identify intracranial extension of nasal dermoid cyst and for preoperative planning. [4],[5] After he had admitted to our clinic, computerized tomography imaging was performed to further evaluate the mass. Intracranial extension was not seen.

In conclusion, nasal dermoid cyst is very rare pathology in adulthood and physicians should be aware. Complete excision is necessary to avoid future recurrences.

 
   References Top

1.Rahbar R, Shah P, Mulliken JB, Robson CD, Perez-Atayde AR, Proctor MR, et al. The presentation and management of nasal dermoid: A 30-year experience. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2003; 129:464-71.   Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  
2.Post G, McMains KC, Kountakis SE. Adult nasal dermoid sinus cyst. Am J Otolaryngol 2005,26:403-5.   Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  
3.Lee S, Taban M, Mancini R, Chong K, Goldberg RA, Douglas RS. Endoscopic removal of nasoglabellar dermoid cysts. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2010;26:136-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.Van Aalst JA, Luerssen TG, Whitehead WE, Havlik RJ. "Keystone" approach for intracranial nasofrontal dermoid sinuses. Plast Reconst Surg 2005;116:13-9.  Back to cited text no. 4
[PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  
5.Jansen LA, Yong-Hing CJ, Bhargava R. Dermoid cyst presenting as congenital midline nasal mass in 6-month-old infant. Can Assoc Radiol J 2009;60:223-5.  Back to cited text no. 5
[PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  

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Correspondence Address:
Yakup Cil
Department of Plastic Surgery, Eskisehir Military Hospital 26020 Eskisehir
Turkey
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DOI: 10.4103/0974-2077.85046

PMID: 21976912

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  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]



 

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