Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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   Table of Contents     
CASE REPORT  
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 167-169
Recurrent dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans over anterior abdominal wall


1 Department of Surgery, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Deemed University, Karad, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Pathology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Deemed University, Karad, Maharashtra, India

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Date of Web Publication1-Jan-2011
 

   Abstract 

A 45-year-old female complained of a painless swelling, which had developed in the epigastric region, and was slowly growing in size over the last one year. The patient had undergone excision of a similar swelling at the same site seven years ago and was now facing recurrence. Histopathology and immunohistochemical (IHC) examination confirmed the diagnosis of Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans.

Keywords: Anterior abdominal wall, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, recurrence

How to cite this article:
Kshirsagar AY, Kanetkar SR, Nikam YP, Vasisth GO. Recurrent dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans over anterior abdominal wall. J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2010;3:167-9

How to cite this URL:
Kshirsagar AY, Kanetkar SR, Nikam YP, Vasisth GO. Recurrent dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans over anterior abdominal wall. J Cutan Aesthet Surg [serial online] 2010 [cited 2019 Jun 25];3:167-9. Available from: http://www.jcasonline.com/text.asp?2010/3/3/167/74494



   Introduction Top


The most common soft tissue tumour of the abdominal wall is the desmoid tumour while the least frequent is the Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans. [1] Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans (DFSP) is a rare, indolent, low-grade sarcoma recognised for its progressive locally infiltrative nature. A painless, long-standing, slow-growing subcutaneous nodule remains its most common form of presentation of this disease. It constitutes less than 0.1% of all cutaneous malignancies and 6% of all soft tissue sarcomas. The incidence has been estimated at 0.8 cases per million persons per year. [2] Metastasis is rare but if it occurs almost all metastatic cases have been associated with local recurrence and a poor prognosis. Early diagnosis, wide excision and regular follow-up are indicated for DFSP.


   Case Report Top


A 45-year-old female came to the hospital with chief complaints of recurrent swelling in the epigastric region since one year. The swelling was initially small in size, nodular gradually increasing in size and had currently achieved the dimensions of about 5 Χ 5 cm [Figure 1].
Figure 1: Skin colored nodule covered with hemorrhagic scab present over the scar of previous excision on abdomen

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The swelling, which was earlier painless, had now become painful after it ruptured with a bloody discharge. The skin around the swelling was retracted and shriveled in appearance, which was consistent with past history of wide excision with split thickness skin grafting seven years back. Clinical parameters were within normal limits. Chest roentgenogram was normal. With the provisional diagnosis of recurrent DFSP the patient was taken up for surgery. The patient underwent a wide local excision of the mass. The tumour involved rectus sheath, rectus sheath and part of rectus muscle with margin of 2.5 cm was removed. Same margin of 2.5 cm was taken in all directions [Figure 2]. The defect was covered with split thickness skin grafting. No intra-abdominal extension of the tumour was found.
Figure 2: Clinical picture of post-op scar resulting from wide excision of tumour with split thickness skin grafting

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Microscopic examination revealed elongated spindle-shaped cells arranged in sheets, tiny nodules, storiform pattern with pleomorphic, hyperchromatic or vesicular nuclei with 2-4 prominent nucleoli and moderate amount of eosinophilic cytoplasm mixed with histiocytes [Figure 3]. The pathological diagnosis was DFSP, which was confirmed by immuno-histochemical examination. Immunohistochemistry showed that tumour cells were positive for CD34 and XIIIa.

Recovery was uneventful and patient was discharged on the fifth post-operative day. Patient is asymptomatic one year after surgery and is coming for regular follow-up.
Figure 3: Histopathology of the tumour reveals spindle shaped cells arranged in storiform pattern

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   Discussion Top


Soft tissue sarcomas are mesenchymal neoplasms comprising 1% of adult malignant tumours. Among the soft tissue tumours, abdominal wall tumours are uncommon, accounting for less than 5% of these neoplasms. [3],[4] Historically, this neoplasm was first described by Taylor, in 1890, but Hoffman coined the currently accepted term when he reported three cases in 1925. [3] Chromosomes 17 and 22 has been incriminated in the aetiopathogenesis of DFSP. There is translocation t(17:22) involving COL1A1 (collagen type 1a1 gene) and PDGF b (platelet-derived growth factor) genes respectively. [5],[6] The tumour first appears as a single, red to bluish, blanchable, firm, cutaneous nodule. During the late stage, rate of growth accelerates, producing the characteristic protrusion from the skin. [7] The growth rate is variable. Lesions may remain stable for many years or they may grow slowly with periods of accelerated growth. Local recurrences occur in 20-55% cases. [7] There are conditions that can mimic DFSP, which should be considered in the differential diagnosis. They are: dermatofibroma, epidermal inclusion cyst, keloid and hypertrophic scar, malignant melanoma and metastatic carcinoma of the skin.

Computerised tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been indicated to stage these tumours. These imaging techniques are important for planning of resection. [3] Essentially, the optimal treatment for DSFP has been a wide resection. Since these tumours are locally infiltrative, treatment follows the general principles of soft tissue sarcoma management with adequate excision and adjuvant radiotherapy when appropriate, with or without adjuvant chemotherapy. A three-dimensional wide resection of skin and surrounding structures must be performed. Most authors recommend a 2-3 cm local margin including the underlying deep fascia and overlying skin. [3]

Imatinib has shown clinical activity against both localised and metastatic DFSP with t(17;22). However, fibrosarcomatous variants of DFSP lacking t(17;22) may not respond to imatinib. [8] Adjuvant treatment with radiotherapy seems controversial. There are specialised services that have recommended adjuvant radiotherapy for large low-grade (>5 cm) or high-grade sarcomas. [3]


   Acknowledgement Top


We would like to thank Dr. H.R. Tata, Head of the Department of Surgery and Medical Director, for allowing us to publish this data. We are also thankful to Mrs. M.C. Deshingkar from Surgery Department Office for her help in preparing this paper.

 
   References Top

1.Stojadinovic A, Hoos A, Karpoff HM, Leung DH, Antonescu CR, Brennan MF, et al. Soft tissue tumours of the abdominal wall: Analysis of disease patterns and treatment. Arch Surg 2001;136:70-9.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Mc Peak CJ, Cruz T, Nicastri AD. Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans: An analysis of 86 cases- five with metastases. Ann Surg 1967;166:803-16.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Khatri VP, Galante JM, Bold RJ, Schneider PD, Ramsamooj R, Goodnight JE Jr. Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans: Reappraisal of wide local excision and impact of inadequate treatment. Ann Surg Oncol 2003;10:1118-22.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.Brennan MF. Staging of soft tissue sarcomas. Ann Surg Oncol 1999;6:8-9.   Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.Sjφblom T, Shimizu A, O'Brien KP, Pietras K, Dal Cin P, Buchdunger E, et al. Growth inhibition of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans tumours by the platelet-derived growth factor receptor antagonist STI571 through induction of apoptosis. Cancer Res 2001;61:5778-83.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.Kiuru-Kuhlefelt S, El-Rifai W, Fanburg-Smith J, Kere J, Miettinen M, Knuutila S. Concomitant DNA copy number amplification at 17q and 22q in dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans. Cytogenet Cell Genet 2001;92:192-5.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.Shrimali R, Garg L, Setia V, Jain S. Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberance (DFSP)-CT findings in DFSP-a rare skin tumour. Indian J Radiol Imaging 2002;12:357-8.  Back to cited text no. 7
  Medknow Journal  
8.McArthur GA, Demetri GD, van Oosterom A, Heinrich MC, Debiec-Rychter M, Corless CL, et al. Molecular and clinical analysis of locally advanced dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans treated with imatinib: Imatinib target exploration consortium study B2225. J Clin Oncol 2005;23:866-73.  Back to cited text no. 8
    

Top
Correspondence Address:
Ashok Y Kshirsagar
Department of Surgery, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Deemed University, Malkapur, Karad - 415 110, District - Satara, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-2077.74494

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    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]

This article has been cited by
1 Primary Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans of Orbit—A Rare Entity
Tashnin Rahman,Kasturi Bhattacharjee,Jagannath Dev Sarma,Debleena Dey,Ganesh Kuri
Orbit. 2013; 32(2): 127
[Pubmed] | [DOI]



 

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    Abstract
    Introduction
    Case Report
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