Baroda Skin Clinic, Saraswati Complex, Nanjalpur, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
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| Abstract|| |
Periungual wart presents challenge for management in view of their frequent recurrence. The case report demonstrates the efficacy of a combination treatment of electrodessication and trichloroacetic acid application.
Keywords: Verruca, electrodessication, trichloroacetic acid
|How to cite this article:|
Patidar S. Combination treatment of periungual warts. J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2008;1:23-4
| Introduction|| |
Warts or verruca vulgaris  caused by human papilloma virus are of many variants depending on location on the skin. Periungual warts are the warts around the nails, which are common in nail biters. In the beginning, these are pinhead in sized, shiny, smooth, translucent and usually discrete. They grow in weeks or months to pea size, become rough, dirty brown grey or black and horny. These warts become fissured, inflammed and tender. They may recur after treatment.
| Case Report|| |
A 24-year-old male had periungual wart of 2 years duration over right ring finger and left middle finger nails [Figure 1]. He was a habitual nail biter. Local anaesthesia was achieved by ring block and local infiltration. A torniquet was applied to minimise blood loss. Electrodesiccation was done as per the standard procedure  and lesion was curetted. Firm pressure was applied for 5 min. Once the bleeding was controlled, trichloroacetic acid (TCA), 30% solution was applied.
Pressure dressing was applied, which was changed on second and seventh day. Systemic antibiotics and analgesics were prescribed for 7 days. Nail biting was strongly discouraged. After removal of dressing patient was advised to apply povidone-iodine ointment for 5 days. One year follow-up shows no recurrence [Figure 2].
| Discussion|| |
Prognosis of warts is variable due to unpredictable response to various therapeutic modalities namely, electrodesiccation, cryotherapy, chemical cauterization with salicylic acid, lactic acid, TCA, podophyllin and laser. The choice of treatment modality depends on location, size, number, secondary infection, pain and tenderness, age, sex and previous treatment. Recurrences are common with all the modalities. In the case reported here, combination of two methods, i.e., electrodesiccation and chemical cautery with TCA was used. This has given satisfactory results with no recurrence.
| References|| |
|1.||Wolff K, Johnson RA, Suurmond D, editors. Color Atlas and Synopsis of Clinical Dermatology. London: McGraw-Hill; 2005. p. 776-81. |
|2.||Savant SS, Gore D. Electrosurgery. In : Savant SS, Shah RA, Gore D, editors. Textbook and Atlas of Dermatosurgery and Cosmetology. Mumbai: ASCAD; 2005. p. 305-14. |
Baroda Skin Clinic, Saraswati Complex, Nanjalpur, Vadodara 390 011, Gujarat
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
[Figure 1], [Figure 2]